"In 2013, the work of Postol and his late partner...debunked claims from the same trio--Bellingcat, the (NY) Times and Human Rights Watch--blaming the Syrian government for the even more notorious sarin-gas
attack outside Damascus on Aug. 21, 2013, which killed hundreds." The occasion of Obama's "red line."
6/7/17, "NYT’s New Syria-Sarin Report Challenged," Robert Parry, Consortium News
"Special Report: An MIT national security scientist
says the New York Times pushed a “fraudulent” analysis of last April’s
“sarin” incident in Syria, part of a troubling pattern of “groupthink”
and “confirmation bias,” writes Robert Parry."
"For U.S. mainstream journalists and government analysts, their
erroneous “groupthinks” often have a shady accomplice called
“confirmation bias,” that is, the expectation that some “enemy” must be
guilty and thus the tendency to twist any fact in that direction.
We have seen this pair contribute to fallacious reasoning more and
more in recent years as the mainstream U.S. media and the U.S.
government approach international conflicts as if the “pro-U.S. side” is
surely innocent and the “anti-U.S. side” is presumed guilty.
That was the case in assessing whether Iraq was hiding WMD
in 2002-2003; it was repeated regarding alleged chemical weapons
attacks in Syria during that six-year conflict; and it surfaces as well
in the New Cold War in which Russia is always the villain.
The trend also requires insulting any Western journalist or analyst
who deviates from the groupthinks or questions the confirmation bias.
The dissidents are called “stooges”; “apologists”; “conspiracy
theorists”; or “purveyors of fake news.” It doesn’t really matter how
reasonable the doubts are. The mocking insults carry the day.
In addition, there is almost no accountability in those rare cases
when the mainstream media and government propagandists must admit that
they were demonstrably wrong. For every Iraq WMD confession – which
resulted in almost no punishments for the “groupthinkers” – there are
dozens of cases when the Big Boys just hunker down, admit nothing and
count on their privileged status to protect them.
It doesn’t even seem to matter how well-credentialed the skeptic is
or how obvious the failings of the mainstream analysis is. So, you even
have weapons experts, such as Theodore Postol, professor of science,
technology and national security policy at the Massachusetts Institute
of Technology, who are ignored when their judgments conflict with the
The Syrian Case
For instance, in a little-noticed May 29, 2017 report
on the April 4, 2017 chemical weapons incident at Khan Sheikhoun in
northern Syria, Postol takes apart the blame-the-Syrian-government
conclusions of The New York Times, Human Rights Watch and the
Establishment’s favorite Internet site, Bellingcat.
Postol’s analysis focused on a New York Times video report,
entitled “How Syria And Russia Spun A Chemical Strike,” which followed
Bellingcat research that was derived from social media. Postol concluded
that “NONE of the forensic evidence in the New York Times video and a follow-on Times news article supports the conclusions reported by the New York Times.” [Emphasis ["None"] in original.]
The basic weakness of the NYT/Bellingcat analysis was a reliance on
social media from the Al Qaeda-controlled area of Idlib province and
thus a dependence on “evidence” from the jihadists and their “civil
defense” collaborators, known as the White Helmets.
The jihadists and their media teams have become very sophisticated in
the production of propaganda videos that are distributed through social
media and credulously picked up by major Western news outlets. (A
Netflix infomercial for the White Helmets even won an Academy Award earlier this year.)
Postol zeroes in on the Times report’s use of a video taken by
anti-government photographer Mohamad Salom Alabd, purporting to show
three conventional bombs striking Khan Sheikhoun early in the morning of
The Times report extrapolated from that video where the bombs would
have struck and then accepted that a fourth bomb – not seen in the video
– delivered a sarin canister that struck a road and released sarin gas
that blew westward into a heavily populated area supposedly killing
The incident led President Trump, on April 6, to order a major
retaliatory strike with 59 Tomahawk missiles hitting a Syrian government
airfield and, according to Syrian media reports, killing several
soldiers at the base and nine civilians, including four children, in
nearby neighborhoods. It also risked inflicting death on Russians
stationed at the base.
A Wind Problem
But the Times video analysis – uploaded on April 26 – contained
serious forensic problems, Postol said, including showing the wind
carrying the smoke from the three bombs in an easterly direction whereas
the weather reports from that day – and the presumed direction of the
sarin gas – had the wind going to the west.
Indeed, if the wind were blowing toward the east – and if the alleged
location of the sarin release was correct – the wind would have carried
the sarin away from the nearby populated area and likely would have
caused few if any casualties, Postol wrote.
Postol also pointed out that the Times’ location of the three bombing
strikes didn’t match up with the supposed damage that the Times claimed
to have detected from satellite photos of where the bombs purportedly
Rather than buildings being leveled by powerful bombs, the
photos showed little or no apparent damage.
The Times also relied on before-and-after satellite photos that had a
gap of 44 days, from Feb. 21, 2017, to April 6, 2017, so whatever
damage might have occurred couldn’t be tied to whatever might have
happened on April 4.
Nor could the hole in the road where the crushed “sarin” canister was
found be attributed to an April 4 bombing raid. Al Qaeda jihadists
could have excavated the hole the night before as part of a staged
provocation. Other images of activists climbing into the supposedly
sarin-saturated hole with minimal protective gear should have raised
other doubts, Postol noted in earlier reports.
There’s also the question of motive. The April 4 incident immediately
followed the Trump administration’s announcement that it was no longer
seeking “regime change” in Syria, giving the jihadists and their
regional allies a motive to create a chemical-weapons incident to
reverse the new U.S. stand. By contrast, the Syrian government seemed to
have no logical motive to provoke U.S. outrage.
In other words, Al Qaeda and its propagandists could have posted
video from an earlier bombing raid and used it to provide “proof” of an
early-morning airstrike that corresponded to the staged release of sarin
or some similar poison gas on April 4. Though that is just one possible
alternative, it’s certainly true that Al Qaeda does not show very much
humanitarian concern about the lives of civilians.
Critics of the White Helmets
have identified the photographer of the airstrike, Mohamad Salom Alabd,
as a jihadist who appears to have claimed responsibility for killing a
Syrian military officer. But the Times described him in a companion article to the video report only as “a journalist or activist who lived in the town.”
Mocking the Russian/Syrian Account
For their part, the Syrian government and the Russians said Syrian
planes conducted no airstrike early in the morning but did attack the
area around noon. They speculated that the noontime attack may have
struck chemical weapons stored by the jihadists, causing an accidental
release of poisonous gas.
The Times jumped on the discrepancy between the reports of an
early-morning attack and the Syrian-Russian account of a noontime strike
to show that the Syrians and Russians were lying.
In response to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad asking, “How can you
verify the video?” the Times narration by Malachy Browne smugly says:
“Well, here’s how. Let’s take a look at videos, satellite photos and
open source material of that day. They show that Assad and Russia are
telling a story that contradicts the facts.”
Yet, the Times’ point about the Syrians and Russians lying about the
time element makes little sense because the Syrians and Russians aren’t
denying that an airstrike occurred. They acknowledged that there was an
airstrike, albeit later in the day, and they speculate that the attack
might have accidentally released chemicals stored by Al Qaeda’s Nusra
Front. In other words, they gained no advantage by putting the time at
noon instead of early in the morning.
There could have been honest confusion on the part of the Syrians and
Russians as they struggled to understand what had occurred and how – or
the noontime airstrike and the morning chemical release could have been
unrelated, i.e., the jihadists and/or their foreign allies could have
staged the early-morning poison-gas “attack” and the Syrian bombing raid
could have followed several hours later but could have been unrelated
to the poison-gas release.
However, for the Times and others to pounce on a seemingly
meaningless time discrepancy, further shows how “confirmation bias”
works. The “enemy” must be shown to be guilty, so any comment – no
matter how innocent or irrelevant – can be cited to “prove” a point.
Double Standard on Trust
The Times also has displayed a bizarre bias when Syrians speak from
government-controlled areas. Then, the Times always inserts language
suggesting that the interviewees may be under coercion. Yet the Times
assumes that “witnesses” inside Al Qaeda-controlled territory are
commenting honestly, freely and without fear of contradicting the
The Times’ double standard is particularly curious because United
Nations investigators don’t even dare enter these jihadist zones because
the jihadists have a history of beheading journalists and other
civilians who get in the way.
An example of this bias was on display in Wednesday’s Times in an article
about the family of Omran, the boy made famous by a photo of him in an
ambulance. The article discussed the family’s ordeal and mentioned the
father’s vocal support for the Assad government.
However, because the family backed Assad, the Times inserted this
caveat: “Syrians appearing on state television or on channels associated
with the Assad government are not able to speak freely. The government
exerts tight control over all information broadcast about the war,
including interviews with civilians, who can be coerced and threatened
with arrest if they criticize the government.”
Yet, the Times treats interviews with people inside
jihadist-controlled territory as inherently truthful with the interview
subjects described in favorable or neutral terms, such as “rescue
workers,” “journalists,” “eyewitnesses” or sometimes “activists.”
is rarely any suggestion that Al Qaeda might either be controlling these
messages or intimidating the interviewees, who are usually denouncing
Assad, what the Times and other mainstream news outlets want to hear.
This gullibility has continued despite evidence that the jihadists do
generate sophisticated propaganda to promote their cause, including
staging “false-flag” chemical weapons attacks. For instance, U.N.
investigators who examined one alleged chlorine-gas attack by the Syrian
government against Al-Tamanah on the night of April 29-30, 2014, heard multiple testimonies from townspeople that the event had been staged by rebels and played up by activists on social media.
“Seven witnesses stated that frequent alerts [about an imminent
chlorine weapons attack by the government] had been issued, but in fact
no incidents with chemicals took place,” the U.N. report stated.
people sought safety after the warnings, their homes were looted and
rumours spread that the events were being staged. … [T]hey [these
witnesses] had come forward to contest the wide-spread false media
Accounts from other people, who did allege that there had been a
government chemical attack on Al-Tamanah, provided suspect evidence,
including data from questionable sources, according to the U.N. report.
The report said, “Three witnesses, who did not give any description
of the incident on 29-30 April 2014, provided material of unknown
source. One witness had second-hand knowledge of two of the five
incidents in Al-Tamanah, but did not remember the exact dates. Later
that witness provided a USB-stick with information of unknown origin,
which was saved in separate folders according to the dates of all the
five incidents mentioned by the FFM [the U.N.’s Fact-Finding Mission].
“Another witness provided the dates of all five incidents reading it
from a piece of paper, but did not provide any testimony on the incident
on 29-30 April 2014. The latter also provided a video titled ‘site
where second barrel containing toxic chlorine gas was dropped tamanaa 30
Some other “witnesses” alleging a Syrian government attack offered
curious claims about detecting the chlorine-infused “barrel bombs” based
on how the device sounded in its descent.
The U.N. report said, “The eyewitness, who stated to have been on the
roof, said to have heard a helicopter and the ‘very loud’ sound of a
falling barrel. Some interviewees had referred to a distinct whistling
sound of barrels that contain chlorine as they fall. The witness
statement could not be corroborated with any further information.”
The U.N. report might have added that there was no plausible
explanation for someone detecting a chlorine canister in a “barrel bomb”
based on its “distinct whistling sound.” The only logical conclusion is
that the chlorine attack had been staged by the jihadists, and their
supporters then lied to the U.N. team to enrage the world public against
the Assad regime.
Another Dubious Case
In 2013, the work of Postol and his late partner, Richard M. Lloyd,
an analyst at the military contractor Tesla Laboratories, debunked
claims from the same trio — Bellingcat, the Times and Human Rights Watch
— blaming the Syrian government for the even more notorious sarin-gas
attack outside Damascus on Aug. 21, 2013, which killed hundreds.
Postol and Lloyd showed
that the rocket carrying the sarin had only a fraction of the range
that the trio had assumed in tracing its path back to a government base.
Since the much shorter range placed the likely launch point inside
rebel-controlled territory, the incident appeared to have been another
false-flag provocation, one that almost led President Obama to launch a
major retaliatory strike against the Syrian military.
Although the Times grudgingly acknowledged
the scientific problems with its analysis, it continued to blame the
2013 incident on the Syrian government. Similarly, Official Washington’s
“groupthink” still holds that the Syrian government launched that sarin
attack and that Obama chickened out on enforcing his “red line” against
chemical weapons use.
Obama’s announcement of that “red line,” in effect, created a
powerful incentive for Al Qaeda and other jihadists to stage chemical
attacks assuming that they would be blamed on the government and thus
draw in the U.S. military on the jihadist side.
If Obama’s expected
“retaliation” had devastated the Syrian military in 2013, Al Qaeda or
its spinoff Islamic State might well have taken Damascus.
Yet, the 2013 “groupthink” of Syrian government guilt survives. After
the April 4, 2017 incident, President Trump took some pleasure in
mocking Obama’s weakness in contrast to his supposed toughness in
quickly launching a “retaliatory” strike on April 6 (Washington time,
although April 7 in Syria).
White House Claims
Trump’s attack came even before the White House released a supportive – though unconvincing – intelligence report
on April 11. Regarding that report, Postol wrote, “The White House
produced a false intelligence report on April 11, 2017 in order to
justify an attack on the Syrian airbase at Sheyrat, Syria on April 7,
2017. That attack risked an unintended collision with Russia and a
possible breakdown in cooperation between Russia and United States in
the war to defeat the Islamic State. The collision also had some
potential to escalate into a military conflict with Russia of greater
extent and consequence.
“The New York Times and other mainstream media immediately
and without proper review of the evidence adopted the false narrative
produced by the White House even though that narrative was totally
unjustified based on the forensic evidence. The New York Times used an organization, Bellingcat, for its source of analysis even though Bellingcat has
a long history of making false claims based on distorted assertions
about forensic evidence that either does not exist, or is absolutely
without any evidence of valid sources.”
Postol continued, “This history of New York Times publishing
of inaccurate information and then sticking by it when solid
science-based forensic evidence disproves the original narrative cannot
be explained in terms of simple error. The facts overwhelmingly point to
a New York Times management that is unconcerned about the accuracy of its reporting.
“The problems exposed in this particular review of a New York Times analysis
of critically important events related to the US national security is
not unique to this particular story. This author could easily point to
other serious errors in New York Times reporting on important technical issues associated with our national security.
“In these cases, like in this case, the New York Times management
has not only allowed the reporting of false information without
reviewing the facts for accuracy, but it has repeatedly continued to
report the same wrong information in follow-on articles. It may be
inappropriate to call this ‘fake news,’ but this loaded term comes
perilously close to actually describing what is happening.”
When I interviewed Postol on Wednesday, he said he had received no
responses from either the Times or Bellingcat, adding: “It seems to me
that the analysts were ignorant beyond plausibility or they rigged the
analysis.…To me, this is malpractice on a large scale.”
Referring to some of the photographed scenes in Khan Sheikhoun,
including a dead goat that appeared to have been dragged into location
near the “sarin crater,” Postol called the operation “a rather
amateurish attempt to create a false narrative.”
But the problem of the Times and Bellingcat presenting dubious – or
in Postol’s view, “fraudulent” – information about sensitive
geopolitical and national security issues has another potentially even darker side.
These two entities are part of Google’s First Draft Coalition of news organizations that are expected to serve as gatekeepers separating “truth” from “fake news.”
The emerging idea is to take their judgments and enter them into
algorithms to scrub the Internet of information that doesn’t comport
with what the Times, Bellingcat and other approved news outlets deem
That these two organizations would operate with a pattern of
“confirmation bias” on sensitive war-and-peace issues is thus doubly
troubling in that their future “groupthinks” could not only mislead
their readers but could ensure that contrary evidence is whisked away
from everyone else, too."
Thursday, June 8, 2017
MIT scientist says New York Times pushed “fraudulent” analysis of April 2017 “sarin” incident in Syria. NY Times denies forensic analysis by MIT scientist, instead relies on propaganda of jihadist group White Helmets. White Helmets safely operates in jihadist areas while others such as US media can't due to fear of beheadings-Robert Parry, Consortium News
Posted by susan at 2:39 AM