Saturday, April 17, 2021

Europeans are accustomed to being ruled by presumed betters, but it has shocked the American people to realize that they too are ruled by persons who presume themselves to be better and expect to be treated accordingly-Angelo Codevilla, 2010

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Codevilla:While Europeans are accustomed to being ruled by presumed betters whom they distrust, the American people’s realization of being ruled like Europeans shocked this country into well nigh revolutionary attitudes.”…

July-August 2010, America’s Ruling Class–And the Perils of Revolution,” Angelo M. Codevilla

“The Political Divide”(first subhead)

“While Europeans are accustomed to being ruled by presumed betters whom they distrust,

the American people’s realization of being ruled like Europeans shocked this country into well nigh revolutionary attitudes.

But only the realization was new. The ruling class had sunk deep roots in America over decades before 2008.” …(3rd parag. in subhead).

“The Faith” (3rd subhead)

“Its attitude is key to understanding our bipartisan ruling class. Its first tenet is that “we” are the best and brightest while the rest of Americans are retrograde, racist, and dysfunctional unless properly constrained.”…

“The Country Class”…(9th subhead)

“Nothing has set the country class apart, defined it, made it conscious of itself, given it whatever coherence it has, so much as the ruling class’s insistence that people other than themselves are intellectually and hence otherwise humanly inferior. Persons who were brought up to believe themselves as worthy as anyone, who manage their own lives to their own satisfaction, naturally resent politicians of both parties who say that the issues of modern life are too complex for any but themselves. Most are insulted by the ruling class’s dismissal of opposition as mere “anger and frustration”—an imputation of stupidity—while others just scoff at the claim that the ruling class’s bureaucratic language demonstrates superior intelligence.”…(5th parag. of subhead)

“The Classes Clash”…(final subhead)

“The ruling class’s appetite for deference, power, and perks grows. The country class disrespects its rulers, wants to curtail their power and reduce their perks. The ruling class wears on its sleeve the view that the rest of Americans are racist, greedy, and above all stupid. The country class is ever more convinced that our rulers are corrupt, malevolent, and inept. The rulers want the ruled to shut up and obey. The ruled want self-governance. The clash between the two is about which side’s vision of itself and of the other is right and which is wrong….

In this clash, the ruling class holds most of the cards: because it has established itself as the fount of authority, its primacy is based on habits of deference. Breaking them, establishing other founts of authority, other ways of doing things, would involve far more than electoral politics."…Image of US Ruling Class from American Spectator

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Added: Codevilla in 2013: In any case, “the UniParty” has rendered voters irrelevant:

“So long as the UniParty exists, mere voters will have no way of affecting what the government does.”

12/15/2013, Breaking The UniParty, Angelo Codevilla, libertylawsite.org…(Davos image added by this blog)

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Added: The Reset only works if everyone submits:

4/15/21, Globalists Will Need Another Crisis In America As Their Reset Agenda Fails,” Brandon Smith, alt-market.us

“Conservative Americans in particular have been a thorn in the side of the globalists for generations, and it really comes down to a simple matter of mutual exclusion: You cannot have an openly globalist society and conservative ideals at the same time in the same place. It is impossible….

There are people on this planet that are not satisfied to merely live their lives, take care of their families and make their mark peacefully. They crave power over all else. They desperately want control over you, over me, over everything, and they will use any means at their disposal to get it. I would compare it to a kind of drug addiction; globalists are like crack addicts, they can never get enough power, there is always something more to take.

They tell themselves and others that they are “philanthropists”, that “they know what is best” for the rest of us. They believe themselves superior and therefore it is their “destiny” to dictate and micro-manage society for the “greater good” of us all. But really, when we witness their methods it becomes clear that they have no noble aspirations. They have no empathy or honor. They don’t care about the average human being, or the environment, or the economy or society in general. They only care about themselves and their delusions of grandeur. These people are a cancer on the rest of civilization.

They seem to be particularly obsessed with deconstructing and sabotaging America in the pursuit of their global Reset. Real philanthropists would not have a problem if someone didn’t want to accept their “charity”, but psychopaths cannot abide a group of people rejecting them and their ideology. You are not allowed to walk away from them. You are not allowed to do things your own way. You must be forced to comply. The agenda only works if EVERYONE submits.

Unfortunately for the globalists, the Reset is not working out for them everywhere. In the US, the agenda is failing miserably compared to Asia and parts of Europe.

As the head of the World Economic Forum, Klaus Schwab, is so fond of reminding us, the Covid pandemic is the “perfect opportunity” to push forward the globalist plans for a total Reset of human economy and society. To the globalists, the crisis is a panacea, a doorway to their version of a better world. They love the pandemic, they are not distressed by it.

The problem is, it’s not doing enough damage or terrifying enough people.

Consider the Event 201 coronavirus pandemic simulation – It was held by the World Economic Forum and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation only two months before the real thing “coincidentally” happened in early 2020. The pandemic war game was less about saving lives and more about how the elites planned to keep the public under control. The suppression of alternative media and censorship in social media was discussed at great length. Dissenting voices need to be silenced if the Reset is going to prevail.

One factor within the Event 201 simulation that never played out, though, was the WEF projections on deaths. The war game suggested at least 65 million initial deaths due to the pandemic. Early projections on the death rate suggested 2% to 3% of the population or more. The same projections were repeated by the UN’s World Health Organization when the real pandemic was first revealed to the public.

Instead, Covid-19 has been a letdown for the globalists, with a tiny death rate of around 0.26% outside of nursing homes. Meaning, 99.7% of the population has nothing to worry about from covid. Millions of Americans are becoming savvy to the situation and are refusing to comply with mandates over a virus that is a non-threat.

Instead of backing off of the Reset scheme, the globalists are continuing to double down. Why? Because they have no other choice. They let the cat out of the bag and bloviating big-mouths like Klaus Schwab told the world exactly what the plan is. If they retreat now, they might NEVER get another chance to implement a world centralization plan; a massive grift which requires medical tyranny in order to prevent rebellion.

You see, if the death rate had been dramatically higher than 0.26% and covid represented a legitimate threat, then maybe a larger portion of the US population would have been on board with longer term restrictions and medical passports. Maybe not. The fact remains that 40% of deaths have been in nursing homes among patients with preexisting illnesses, the death rate outside of these facilities is minimal, the mask mandates have been proven completely ineffective and the states that have remained open and removed mask mandates have FALLING death and infection rates when compared to states that are enforcing lockdowns.”…

“Ivanka Trump and Secretary of State for International Trade Liam Fox arrive through the East Gallery during the State Banquet at Buckingham Palace, London, Monday, June 3, 2019. U.S. President Donald Trump is on a three-day visit to the United Kingdom. (Victoria Jones/Pool Photo via AP)”

 

 

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Friday, April 16, 2021

Very few would’ve died in 1918 influenza pandemic if antibiotics had been available as they are today and were in 1957 and 1968 flu pandemics. Most 1918 deaths were caused by bacterial pneumonia, not virus. NIH study co-authored by Dr. Anthony Fauci, August 18, 2008

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Availability of antibiotics during the other influenza pandemics of the 20th century, specifically those of 1957 and 1968, was probably a key factor in the lower number of worldwide deaths during those outbreaks.”

8/19/2008, Bacterial Pneumonia Caused Most Deaths in 1918 Influenza Pandemic," nih.gov, News Release

“Implications for Future Pandemic Planning.”

“The majority of deaths during the influenza pandemic of 1918-1919 were not caused by the influenza virus acting alone, report researchers from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. Instead, most victims succumbed to bacterial pneumonia following influenza virus infection. The pneumonia was caused when bacteria that normally inhabit the nose and throat invaded the lungs along a pathway created when the virus destroyed the cells that line the bronchial tubes and lungs.

A future influenza pandemic may unfold in a similar manner, say the NIAID authors, whose paper in the Oct. 1 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases is now available online. Therefore, the authors conclude, comprehensive pandemic preparations should include not only efforts to produce new or improved influenza vaccines and antiviral drugs but also provisions to stockpile antibiotics and bacterial vaccines as well.

The work presents complementary lines of evidence from the fields of pathology and history of medicine to support this conclusion. “The weight of evidence we examined from both historical and modern analyses of the 1918 influenza pandemic favors a scenario in which viral damage followed by bacterial pneumonia led to the vast majority of deaths,” says co-author NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “In essence, the virus landed the first blow while bacteria delivered the knockout punch.”

NIAID co-author and pathologist Jeffery Taubenberger, M.D., Ph.D., examined lung tissue samples from 58 soldiers who died of influenza at various U. S. military bases in 1918 and 1919. The samples, preserved in paraffin blocks, were re-cut and stained to allow microscopic evaluation. Examination revealed a spectrum of tissue damage “ranging from changes characteristic of the primary viral pneumonia and evidence of tissue repair to evidence of severe, acute, secondary bacterial pneumonia,” says Dr. Taubenberger. In most cases, he adds, the predominant disease at the time of death appeared to have been bacterial pneumonia. There also was evidence that the virus destroyed the cells lining the bronchial tubes, including cells with protective hair-like projections, or cilia. This loss made other kinds of cells throughout the entire respiratory tract--including cells deep in the lungs--vulnerable to attack by bacteria that migrated down the newly created pathway from the nose and throat.

In a quest to obtain all scientific publications reporting on the pathology and bacteriology of the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic, Dr. Taubenberger and NIAID co-author David Morens, M.D., searched bibliography sources for papers in any language. They also reviewed scientific and medical journals published in English, French and German, and located all papers reporting on autopsies conducted on influenza victims. From a pool of more than 2,000 publications that appeared between 1919 and 1929, the researchers identified 118 key autopsy series reports. In total, the autopsy series they reviewed represented 8,398 individual autopsies conducted in 15 countries.

The published reports “clearly and consistently implicated secondary bacterial pneumonia caused by common upper respiratory flora in most influenza fatalities,” says Dr. Morens. Pathologists of the time, he adds, were nearly unanimous in the conviction that deaths were not caused directly by the then-unidentified influenza virus, but rather resulted from severe secondary pneumonia caused by various bacteria. Absent the secondary bacterial infections, many patients might have survived, experts at the time believed. Indeed, the availability of antibiotics during the other influenza pandemics of the 20th century, specifically those of 1957 and 1968, was probably a key factor in the lower number of worldwide deaths during those outbreaks, notes Dr. Morens.

The cause and timing of the next influenza pandemic cannot be predicted with certainty, the authors acknowledge, nor can the virulence of the pandemic influenza virus strain. However, it is possible that–as in 1918–a similar pattern of viral damage followed by bacterial invasion could unfold, say the authors. Preparations for diagnosing, treating and preventing bacterial pneumonia should be among highest priorities in influenza pandemic planning, they write.

“We are encouraged by the fact that pandemic planners are already considering and implementing some of these actions,” says Dr. Fauci.”

“Visit http://www.PandemicFlu.gov(link is external) for one-stop access to U.S. Government information on avian and pandemic flu.

NIAID conducts and supports research-at NIH, throughout the United States, and worldwide–to study the causes of infectious and immune-mediated diseases, and to develop better means of preventing, diagnosing and treating these illnesses. News releases, fact sheets and other NIAID-related materials are available on the NIAID Web site at http://www.niaid.nih.gov.”

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“About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation’s medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit www.nih.gov.

NIH…Turning Discovery Into Health®

Reference

DM Morens et al. Predominant role of bacterial pneumonia as a cause of death in pandemic influenza: Implications for pandemic influenza preparedness. The Journal of Infectious Diseases DOI: 10.1086/591708 (2008).”

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Thursday, April 15, 2021

If you want cooler temperatures in the Arctic, simply cancel US Clean Air Acts of 1970s and 1990 which will allow return of cooling sulfate aerosols in Northern Hemisphere and Arctic. Shocking 2009 NASA graph

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2009 NASA graph shows Arctic warming caused by US Clean Air Acts of 1970, 1977 and 1990...“Decreasing concentrations of sulphate aerosols and increasing concentrations of black carbon have substantially contributed to rapid Arctic warming during the past three decades.”

Houston Chronicle article:

April 8, 2009, Half of recent arctic warming may not be due to greenhouse gases," Houston Chronicle, by Eric Berger

“According to a new report, half of the recent Arctic warming is not due to greenhouse gases, but rather clean air policies.

That’s the conclusion of two scientists in a new Nature Geoscience paper (see abstract), which is more deeply outlined in this NASA news release.

Here’s a quote from lead author Drew Shindell of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies:

“There’s a tendency to think of aerosols as small players, but they’re not, said Shindell.Right now, in the mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere and in the Arctic, the impact of aerosols is just as strong as that of the greenhouse gases.”

“We will have very little leverage over climate in the next couple of decades if we’re just looking at carbon dioxide, Shindell said. “If we want to try to stop the Arctic summer sea ice from melting completely over the next few decades, we’re much better off looking at aerosols and ozone.”

The following graphic shows how clean air regulations passed in the 1970s have likely accelerated warming by diminishing the cooling effect of sulfates:

CleanAirActshindellgraphicNASAGISSApril2009viaHoustonChronicle.

I probably don’t need to tell you the implications of this study. For one, if the results are validated, the notion that global warming is causing an accelerating, headlong retreat of the Arctic sea ice and driving the polar bear to imminent death … well, these notions just aren’t wholly correct anymore.

The study suggests that as much as half of the recent Arctic melting is not due to global warming, but rather to other factors. This report does not speak to global temperatures, but rather the Northern Hemisphere. And it does not suggest that global warming has played no role in the Arctic warming.

All the same, this is potentially a huge blow to those who advocate immediate action on controlling carbon dioxide.

Finally, for those of you who hate James Hansen: Please note that the author of this study works for Hansen.” Above graph by Drew Shindell, GISS

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Added: George Bush #1 signs Clean Air Act amendments in 1990:

George Bush #1 signs Clean Air Act amendments in 1990, making rules even stricter than 1970 and 1977 versions. Top left, clapping, Bush EPA chief William Reilly, plucked from his job as WWF president by Bush #1 himself.

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Added:  March 22, 2009: From Abstract: “We conclude that decreasing concentrations of sulphate aerosols and increasing concentrations of black carbon have substantially contributed to rapid Arctic warming during the past three decades.“ Nature Geoscience, Greg Shindell and Greg Faluvegi. “Climate response to regional radiative forcing during the twentieth century.” Graph: Drew Shindell, GISS”

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Added: April 2009, NASA.gov, US and Europe Clean Air laws drastically reduced sulfate emissions which caused Arctic warming:

April 2009: Over the past three decades, the United States and European countries have passed a series of laws that have reduced sulfate emissions by 50 percent. While improving air quality and aiding public health, the result has been less atmospheric cooling from sulfates.…At the same time, black carbon emissions have steadily risen, largely because of increasing emissions from Asia. Black carbon — small, soot-like particles produced by industrial processes and the combustion of diesel and biofuels — absorb incoming solar radiation and have a strong warming influence on the atmosphere.”…

4/8/2009, Aerosols May Drive a Significant Portion of Arctic Warming," nasa.gov/topics

Though greenhouse gases are invariably at the center of discussions about global climate change, new NASA research suggests that much of the atmospheric warming observed in the Arctic since 1976 may be due to changes in tiny airborne particles called aerosols.

Emitted by natural and human sources, aerosols can directly influence climate by reflecting or absorbing the sun’s radiation. The small particles also affect climate indirectly by seeding clouds and changing cloud properties, such as reflectivity.

A new study, led by climate scientist Drew Shindell of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, New York, used a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to investigate how sensitive different regional climates are to changes in levels of carbon dioxide, ozone, and aerosols.

The researchers found that the mid and high latitudes are especially responsive to changes in the level of aerosols. Indeed, the model suggests aerosols likely account for 45 percent or more of the warming that has occurred in the Arctic during the last three decades. The results were published in the April issue of Nature Geoscience….

Sulfates, which come primarily from the burning of coal and oil, scatter incoming solar radiation and have a net cooling effect on climate. Over the past three decades, the United States and European countries have passed a series of laws that have reduced sulfate emissions by 50 percent. While improving air quality and aiding public health, the result has been less atmospheric cooling from sulfates.

At the same time, black carbon emissions have steadily risen, largely because of increasing emissions from Asia. Black carbon — small, soot-like particles produced by industrial processes and the combustion of diesel and biofuels — absorb incoming solar radiation and have a strong warming influence on the atmosphere….

The regions of Earth that showed the strongest responses to aerosols in the model are the same regions that have witnessed the greatest real-world temperature increases since 1976. The Arctic region has seen its surface air temperatures increase by 1.5 C (2.7 F) since the mid-1970s. In the Antarctic, where aerosols play less of a role, the surface air temperature has increased about 0.35 C (0.6 F).

That makes sense, Shindell explained, because of the Arctic’s proximity to North America and Europe. The two highly industrialized regions have produced most of the world’s aerosol emissions over the last century, and some of those aerosols drift northward and collect in the Arctic. Precipitation, which normally flushes aerosols out of the atmosphere, is minimal there, so the particles remain in the air longer and have a stronger impact than in other parts of the world. 

Since decreasing amounts of sulfates and increasing amounts of black carbon both encourage warming, temperature increases can be especially rapid. The build-up of aerosols also triggers positive feedback cycles that further accelerate warming as snow and ice cover retreat.

In the Antarctic, in contrast, the impact of sulfates and black carbon is minimized because of the continent’s isolation from major population centers and the emissions they produce.

There’s a tendency to think of aerosols as small players, but they’re not,” said Shindell. “Right now, in the mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere and in the Arctic, the impact of aerosols is just as strong as that of the greenhouse gases.

The growing recognition that aerosols may play a larger climate role can have implications for policymakers. 

We will have very little leverage over climate in the next couple of decades if we’re just looking at carbon dioxide,“ Shindell said. “If we want to try to stop the Arctic summer sea ice from melting completely over the next few decades, we’re much better off looking at aerosols and ozone.”

Aerosols tend to be quite-short lived, residing in the atmosphere for just a few days or weeks. Greenhouses gases, by contrast, can persist for hundreds of years. Atmospheric chemists theorize that the climate system may be more responsive to changes in aerosol levels over the next few decades than to changes in greenhouse gas levels, which will have the more powerful effect in coming centuries.”…

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Added: July 2011 PNAS: Additional peer reviewed citation that post 1970 warming “is driven by efforts to reduce air pollution in general and acid deposition in particular:”

July 19, 2011 PNAS study in “Conclusion” notes post 1970  warming “is driven by efforts to reduce air pollution in general and acid deposition in particular, which cause sulfur emissions to decline.”

7/19/2011, “Reconciling anthropogenic climate change with observed temperature 1998–2008,” PNAS.org

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Comment: The above will continue to be ignored for several reasons. Number one, the Queen would never allow attention to be diverted from CO2 or anything that punished innocent Americans.


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Wednesday, April 14, 2021

Multiple pollsters undercounted Republican and Trump supporters in 2020 presidential and congressional elections, mistakenly assumed that “non-college whites” was enough to describe Trump supporters who in any case had no interest in talking to them-Wall St. Journal, Aaron Zitner, 4/13/21

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Polling problems appeared to be greater at times when Mr. Trump was on the ballot and that, disproportionately, voters whom Mr. Trump activated didn’t participate in polls.” We slightly overrepresented voters who support government intervening “in the economy and people’s lives.”...The pandemic may have made Democrat voters more available to pollsters because they were “more likely to hold jobs that allowed them to work from home and had the greater ability to answer pollster calls.”

4/13/21, Pollsters Say They Undercounted Republicans, Trump Supporters in 2020," Wall St. Journal, Aaron Zitner  (Print ed., April 14)

“Self-assessments by two polling groups [including Global Strategy Group, GBAO Strategies, ALG Research, Garin-Hart-Yang Research Group, Normington Petts, and Pew Reserach] in recent days conclude that they undercounted Republicans and Trump supporters in 2020 and that there is no firm answer yet for how to fix the problem.

The examinations come after many pollsters significantly understated Republican strength in the 2020 presidential and congressional elections, and the findings suggest that a variety of polling methodologies came up short. One report, released Tuesday by five Democratic polling firms, finds that their surveys undercounted voters who viewed former President Donald Trump as “presidential.’’ Another, by the nonpartisan Pew Research Center, concluded that obtaining the proper representation of Republicans in surveys has become more difficult.

While the reports suggest several possible sources for the underrepresentation of Republicans and Trump supporters, one leading idea from the groups suggests that the problem will be hard to resolve: Even when pollsters in 2020 reached Republican voters or those in GOP-leaning groups, such as white voters without college degrees, those who chose to answer surveys didn’t represent a full range of views. Those who participated in surveys tended to be less supportive of Mr. Trump, while those who declined surveys tended to more firmly back the former president….

What’s unclear is why surveys are underrepresenting Trump voters. Pollsters who conducted the surveys said that even though they are reaching demographic groups that leaned toward Mr. Trump, they may not be talking to a sufficient number of his supporters. For example, when pollsters set out to survey voters who don’t have four-year college degrees, they may be getting responses from those who work in offices but not at construction sites. Those two types of workers may hold different views of the president.

Alternatively, moreconservative voters may be refusing to participate in surveys because of increased distrust of pollsters, of the media that often sponsor polls and of other institutionsa distrust fueled by Mr. Trump….

That finding suggests that pollsters can’t fix their problem merely by including more voters from any one party or demographic group but will have to find new ways to access the hardest-to-reach voters within several demographic groups.

Jill Normington, a principal with Normington, Petts & Associates, which participated in the Democratic study, said the five firms concluded that even when a survey sample properly mirrored the characteristics of the U.S. voter pool, We were getting the wrong people, at the end of the day.’’

Underestimating Trump Support

“The Republicans who are saying yes to pollsters don’t seem to be a representative mix,’’ said Courtney Kennedy, director of survey research at the Pew Research Center, though this finding was more an inference than one supported by hard data in the center’s self-examination.

Preliminary work from the Democratic firms suggests that other factors were at play. With voter turnout at a modern record, pollsters were surprised by the large number of ballots cast by “low-propensity’’ voters, or those who vote occasionally or never before. Those voters in many places tilted substantially to the GOP.

At the same time, the coronavirus pandemic may have exacerbated the pollsters’ challenge. Democratic-leaning voters may have been more available to pollsters than were Republicans, because they were more likely to hold jobs that allowed them to work from home and had the greater ability to answer pollster calls.

The studies by the two polling groups show that survey problems appeared across many polling methods. The Pew Research Center, for example, draws its respondents from a panel of 10,000 randomly selected adults, who have been recruited to the panel in a manner that mirrors the broader U.S. population. They answer survey questions online. The Democratic pollsters tended to reach randomly selected voters by cellphone and landline, but most were also experimenting with additional ways to reach respondents, like text messages inviting voters to answer a survey online, Ms. Normington said….

No matter which factor is the bigger contributor to error, “one of several challenges that the polling industry faces is making sure that we’re able to contact anyone who is eligible to vote,’’ said Fred Yang of Garin-Hart-Yang Research Group, which participated in the Democratic study.

The Democratic firms said polling problems appeared to be greater at times when Mr. Trump was on the ballot and that, disproportionately, voters whom Mr. Trump activated didn’t participate in polls.

“Our initial analysis has discovered, for example, that we underrepresented voters who considered Trump to be `presidential.’ We also slightly

overrepresented voters

who support the government taking certain actions to intervene

in the economy and people’s lives,’ their report said.

An open question is whether polling will be more accurate in the 2022 midterm elections, when Mr. Trump won’t be on the ballot, than they were in 2020.

Firms in the Democratic study included Global Strategy Group and GBAO Strategies, in addition to ALG Research, Garin-Hart-Yang Research Group and Normington Petts.

In their reports, both the Democratic firms and Pew laid out steps to test ways to improve their surveys—including old-school techniques, like going home-to-home and knocking on doors as well as turning to traditional mail.

The Pew Research Center said it would take several steps intended to make sure that its panel of respondents reflected the broader population more accurately. Those included removing several thousand participants from overrepresented groups and adding adults who initially prefer taking surveys by mail rather than online.”

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“Write to Aaron Zitner at aaron.zitner@wsj.com

Copyright ©2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8

Appeared in the April 14, 2021, print edition as ‘Pollsters Undercounted Republicans in 2020.'”


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Tuesday, April 13, 2021

US placed unaccompanied minors with human traffickers during Obama era, US was unable to keep track of children once released, in some cases was prevented from doing so by alleged sponsors or relatives-Washington Post, NY Times, Jan. 28, 2016

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Obama administration placed unaccompanied Central American minors with human traffickers, per Washington Post and NY Times, 1/28/2016: “The Office of Refugee Resettlement, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, failed to do proper background checks of adults who claimed the children.”…It was unclear how many of the approximately 90,000 children the agency had placed in the past two years fell prey to traffickers, including sex traffickers, because it does not keep track of such cases.”MS-13 is ‘taking over the school,’ one teen warned before she was killed,” Washington Post, 3/9/2018, M. Miller

Jan. 28, 2016 NY Times article:

It was unclear how many of the approximately 90,000 children the agency had placed in the past two years fell prey to traffickers, including sex traffickers, because it does not keep track of such cases.”…

1/28/2016, U.S. Placed Immigrant Children With Traffickers, Report Says," NY Times,

The Department of Health and Human Services placed more than a dozen immigrant children in the custody of human traffickers after it failed to conduct background checks of caregivers, according to a Senate report released on Thursday.

Examining how the federal agency processes minors who arrive at the border without a guardian, lawmakers said they found that it had not followed basic practices of child welfare agencies, like making home visits.

The Senate’s Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations opened its inquiry after law enforcement officials uncovered a human trafficking ring in Marion, Ohio, last year (2015). At least six children were lured to the United States from Guatemala with the promise of a better life, then were made to work on egg farms.

The children, as young as 14, had been in federal custody before being entrusted to the traffickers….

In addition to the Marion cases, the investigation found evidence that 13 other children had been trafficked after officials handed them over to adults who were supposed to care for them during their immigration proceedings. An additional 15 cases exhibited some signs of trafficking

The report also said that it was unclear how many of the approximately 90,000 children the agency had placed in the past two years fell prey to traffickers, including sex traffickers, because it does not keep track of such cases….

In the fall of 2013, thousands of unaccompanied children began showing up at the southern border. Most risked abuse by traffickers and detention by law enforcement to escape dire problems like gang violence and poverty in Central America.

As detention centers struggled to keep up with the influx, the Department of Health and Human Services began placing children in the custody of sponsors who could help them while their immigration cases were reviewed. Many children who did not have relatives in the United States were placed in a system resembling foster care. 

But officials at times did not examine whether an adult who claimed to be a relative actually was, relying on the word of parents, who, in some cases, went along with the traffickers to pay off smuggling debts.

Responding to the report, the Department of Health and Human Services said it had taken measures to strengthen its system, collecting information to subject potential sponsors and additional caregivers in a household to criminal background checks.

Mark Greenberg, the agency’s acting assistant secretary of the Administration for Children and Families, said it had bolstered other screening procedures and increased resources for minors.

“We are mindful of our responsibilities to these children and are continually looking for ways to strengthen our safeguards,” he said.”

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Added: Jan. 28, 2016 Washington Post article:

1/28/2016,Obama administration placed children with human traffickers, report says,” Washington Post, Abbie Van Sickle

The Obama administration failed to protect thousands of Central American children who have flooded across the U.S. border since 2011, leaving them vulnerable to traffickers and to abuses at the hands of government-approved caretakers, a Senate investigation has found. 

The Office of Refugee Resettlement, an agency of the Department of Health and Human Services, failed to do proper background checks of adults who claimed the children, allowed sponsors to take custody of multiple unrelated children, and regularly placed children in homes without visiting the locations, according to a 56-page investigative report released Thursday.

And once the children left federally funded shelters, the report said, the agency permitted their adult sponsors to prevent caseworkers from providing them post-release services.

Sen. Rob Portman (R-Ohio) initiated the six-month investigation after several Guatemalan teens were found in a dilapidated trailer park near Marion, Ohio, where they were being held captive by traffickers and forced to work at a local egg farm.

The boys were among more than 125,000 unaccompanied minors who have surged into the United States since 2011, fleeing violence and unrest in Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador….

The report concluded that administration “policies and procedures were inadequate to protect the children in the agency’s care.” HHS spokesman Mark Weber said in a statement that the agency would “review the committee’s findings carefully and continue to work to ensure the best care for the children we serve.”

The report was released ahead of a hearing Thursday before the Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, which Portman co-chairs with Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.). It detailed nearly 30 cases where unaccompanied children had been trafficked after federal officials released them to sponsors or where there were “serious trafficking indicators.”

“HHS places children with individuals about whom it knows relatively little and without verifying the limited information provided by sponsors about their alleged relationship with the child,” the report said.

For example, one Guatemalan boy planned to live with his uncle in Virginia. But when the uncle refused to take the boy, he ended up with another sponsor, who forced him to work nearly 12 hours a day to repay a $6,500 smuggling debt, which the sponsor later increased to $10,900, the report said. A boy from El Salvador was released to his father even though he told a caseworker that his father had a history of beating him, including hitting him with an electrical cord. In September, the boy alerted authorities that his father was forcing him to work for little or no pay, the report said; a post-release service worker later found the boy was being kept in a basement and given little food.

The Senate investigation began in July after federal prosecutors indicted six people in connection with the Marion labor-trafficking scheme, which involved at least eight minors and two adults from the Huehuetenango region of Guatemala.

One defendant, Aroldo Castillo-Serrano, 33, used associates to file false applications with the government agency tasked with caring for the children, and bring them to Ohio, where he kept them in squalid conditions in a trailer park and forced them to work 12-hour days, at least six days a week, for little pay.

Castillo-Serrano has pleaded guilty to labor-trafficking charges and awaits sentencing in the Northern District of Ohio in Toledo.

The FBI raided the trailer park in December 2014, rescuing the boys, but the Senate investigation says federal officials could have discovered the scheme far sooner.

In August 2014, a child-welfare caseworker attempted to visit one of the children, who had been approved for post-release services because of reported mental-health problems, according to the report.

The caseworker went to the address listed for the child, but the person who answered the door said the child didn’t live there, the report added. When the caseworker finally found the child’s sponsor, the sponsor blocked the caseworker from talking to the child.

Instead of investigating further, the caseworker closed the child’s case file, the report said, citing “ORR policy which states that the Post Release Services are voluntary and sponsor refused services.”

That child was found months later, living 50 miles away from the sponsor’s home and working at the egg farm, according to the report. The child’s sponsor was later indicted.”

“VanSickle is a reporter for the Investigative Reporting Program, a nonprofit news organization at the University of California at Berkeley.”  ………

 

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